America Invents Act Provides Patent Marking Relief
AIA reduces exposure to frivolous false patent marking lawsuits and provides for virtual patent marking
Michael T. Smith for Inside Counsel
Patent owners that practice their invention are at a disadvantage compared to nonproducing patentees. The patent marking statute, 35 U.S.C. § 287(a), says that patentees that make and sell patented products or authorize others to do so, may mark their patented products and put the public on notice that the product is patented. However, failure to mark a patented product made or offered for sale limits the infringement damages available to the patent owner. In the absence of patent marking, damages are recoverable only for infringement that occurs after the infringer received notice of the infringement. Thus, for patent owners that make and sell a patented product without marking it, the patent marking statute operates as a forfeiture of damages, which may be substantial depending on the duration of infringement prior to providing the infringer with notice. There is no corresponding risk of forfeiture for nonproducing patentees.